> > I have often wondered why Abraham Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs doesn't
> > seem
> > to apply in contemporary USA.
> It seems to me I've read that Maslow's hierarchy of needs has been
> discounted by most disciplines except management, based on later research.
> I wish I had the reference, but I tossed it.
Bill, I don't have a reference, but have heard similar talk. As I
understand it, though, Maslow's theory of human nature and values (what
has come to be known as his theory of motivation or hierarchy of needs)
has not been validated quantitatively; it has, however, been validated
qualitatively time and time again, and I presume that is why it has
survived so many years. I don't know what "most disciplines" have
discounted his work, but know it is still widely used in education and
The last time we discussed some of his work on this list, I mentioned his
later work on a level beyond self-actualization--that of
self-transcendence. This came about following his work on peak
experiences. A good resource is his book Toward a Psychology of Being and
other articles he wrote during the 60s (someone asked me a while ago for
these references, but I've lost their address; perhaps they'll see this
Terri Deems firstname.lastname@example.org
Learning-org -- An Internet Dialog on Learning Organizations For info: <email@example.com> -or- <http://world.std.com/~lo/>